25 Russian Dog Breeds – Complete Guide

May 10, 2022

A few recognized dog breeds internationally pop up when you think of Russian dogs. 

In reality, only a handful of Russian breeds have become popular outside of their homeland, largely isolated in the north.

However, numerous popular dogs, such as the Siberian Husky and Samoyed, all came from the frigid cross-continental nation. 

Contrary to what many believe, Russia has many of the canine kingdom’s most beautiful (no pun meant) breeds.

Let’s look at the entire Russian canines and their amazing temperaments and why you should take the next step of bringing home one, they’ll be as affectionate as any other dog breed and bring a unique distinctiveness that is only present in Russian breeds.

Russian Dog Breeds List

Let’s look at every Russian breed’s personality, their unique traits, and what makes them wonderful pet dogs! While there are some well-known Russian breeds, the majority of them aren’t widely known in the outside world of Russia. In western nations, they’re not as prominent.

The most well-known and well-known Native Russian dog breeds are the Husky, Samoyed, Borzoi, Black Russian Terrier, Tsvetnaya Bolonka, Finnish Spitz, Caucasian Shepherd, Russian Toy Terrier, Central Asian Shepherd, and the Russian Harlequin Hound.

But, there are lesser-known Russian dogs such as the East European Shepherd, East Siberian Laika, Moscow Waterdog, Moscow Watchdog, Russian Hound, Taigan, South Russian Ovcharka, Russian Spaniel, Franzuskaya, European Laika, West Siberian Laika,,, Yakutian Laika, Hortaya Borzaya, Shalaika, and the Volkosob.

1. Siberian Husky

The History of the Husky
Highlights: Playful, Energetic, Lively

Siberian Husky Siberian Husky is without a doubt the most well-known breed of dog that originated within Russia (or Siberia). They’ve made a significant leap from their sleigh-pulling past, but many still perform this task. In reality, Huskies may be one of the very few breeds that can run 100 miles in a day to make emergency deliveries.

The dogs aren’t a mess when it is time for work. Not only do they enjoy their work, they very really need to be there! As energetic as they are, Huskies also possess a fun and occasionally playful side that will tug at the hearts of their new owners and their families.

They’re the ideal dog breed for pet owners who love having an active lifestyle. If given a chance, they’ll be running with you throughout the day. But they’ll need to be trained to run long distances. 

In any case, be sure you don’t force the Husky to become your main lap dog. They’ll be grateful for it! 


  • In 1925, a group of Huskies saved the children of Alaskan town children of Diphtheria by delivering anti-toxin 770 miles.
  • DNA tests show that Huskies have a lot of DNA with gray Wolf (along with Shiba Inus and Chow Chows).
  • Huskies are among the breeds with blue eyes but without the merle gene as in the Australian Shepherd.

Siberian Husky Temperament

As we’ve said, Huskies are energetic dogs (seriously, and we believe it!) Their enthusiasm can get its best, and even a single swipe could make a child cry. Although most Huskies are sweet and affectionate pets and would never intentionally injure children, they frequently happen to do so accidentally.

In regards to working and obedience, Huskies don’t rank very well. But they’re smarter than you imagine. Training can take some more time than you’d prefer. The issue lies in being somewhat stubborn and doesn’t always want to adhere to the guidelines.

Siberian Huskies are normally pack-oriented dogs. Therefore, having them as a pet is the best option. If they don’t, they’ll treat your children and your family members like they are their pets. But, their instincts could make them chase your cat. These aren’t the best watchdogs because they’re too friendly.

2, Samoyed

Highlights: Loving, Calm, Adaptable

Samoyeds, often referred to as Sammies, are considered some of the most beautiful and beautiful dogs that they have, and it’s all due to Russia. They always appear smiling with their “perpetual smiling” (which protects your mouth from developing the ice crystals).

Similar to the Husky, Sammies are dedicated and loyal. Provide them with work, a task, or an activity they can perform, and they’ll flourish in any house! Ensuring they are locked up in the home all day is like having the prison of active dogs.

It’s important to note that they came out of Oymyakon, a Siberian town Oymyakon in Siberia, where temperatures can drop to below 60 degrees! Because of this, Sammy’s long white coat ( that sheds a large amount!) was bred into the dogs to guard their owners against the harsh climate conditions in Russia’s countryside. 


  • Their smiles are popular. We refer to it as”the “Sammy Smile” due to their slack mouths, making them appear as if thier always smiling.
  • There are just 14 dog breeds with a genetic footprint closely resembling the grey Wolf. The Samoyed is one of the 14.
  • They can sing. well kind of. They’ll yodel and howl to an uplifting tune, usually descanting along.

Samoyed Temperament

The Samoyed is one of the extremely smart dogs which is a work lover. Due to this, lots of physical and mental stimulation is necessary to keep them happy and physically fit. Be aware that they were used for all sorts of jobs in Siberia.

But, there is some few negative side accompany all the positive. For instance, they may be indecisive and reckless, making obedience training difficult for new owners. However, in the long run, as long as you establish your authority in your home and consistently manage your household, you’ll be good to go.

The Samoyed is all about affection and love. They require a lot of attention, and in return, they’ll shower you with affection. If you’re busy, I would not recommend having a Samoyed. While they’re highly flexible dogs, I’m not sure they’d be thrilled to move to a place with a warmer climate.

3. Borzoi


Highlights: Proud, Affectionate, Friendly

The Borzoi is a huge sighthound renowned for its stunning beauty, breathtaking gait, and calm disposition. While they’re believed to be Russian dogs by many, there’s one small group of people who believe they came from different Central Asian countries.

They’re lightning-fast dogs. When they’re in full stride, the Borzoi can travel at speeds of 40 miles per hour!! They’re so quick that they are rated by Heart Dogs claims they’re one of the five most agile dog breeds around the globe.

Borzois aren’t tiny dogs. Male Borzois can be close to 27 inches tall and weigh more than 100 pounds with their greyhound-like body. The majority of Borzois are white with a flat coat flecked with brown or tan. They can also come in many different colors. However, the coat is soft, wavy, or curly


  • Borzois are a great performer in a canine sport known as Lure Coursing. The sport is exactly like what the dogs were originally bred for – to chase target.
  • Before the year 1936, Americans used to call Borzois the Russian Wolfhound.
  • The process takes three years for the Borzoi’s head shape to attain maturity. The hounds don’t get their head until they reach the age of.

Borzoi Temperament

Borzois are peaceful and Calm canines with a very pleasant manner. The owners have described them as feline-like, which could explain why they are great friends. Although they aren’t ranked high among the 100 most intelligent dogs list, the Borzoi is extremely adaptable but a little stubborn sometimes.

However, they’re also loved by family members like every other dog. It is important to keep in mind that they require patience and perseverance. Because of their independence and determination, they will not obey your commands that easily.

Like most sighthounds, Borzois require lots of physical exercises to stay under control. When walking your dog, make sure you keep them on a leash. A raccoon or squirrel can send them racing. Trust me when I say that you’ll never be able to catch this dog.

4. Black Russian Terrier

Black Russian Terrier

Highlights: Smart, Docile, Powerful

It is believed that the Black Russian Terrier is one of the most formidable working dogs in Russia. They were designed to work, and their robust physique and frame prove they can perform the most demanding tasks.

 They’ll get up to 30-inches tall and weigh between 130 and 80 pounds.

The giant dogs do not just have their strength, but they also have brains! It’s pretty easy to teach Black Russians to do complex work tasks, so they’re the most popular breed for dog work. However, that’s not all – the attitude of work of this breed is exemplary too.

Due to its dual coat of waterproof, This breed is equipped to handle the harshest environments of Russia. Whether it’s snow, rain, or shine, this Black Russian is up for the task. However, despite their dimensions, they’re swift canines that appear quite adept. This is why they’ve trusted guards and work dogs. 


  • Although they’re known as”the Black Russian Terrier, they’re not Terrier. They’re part of that working group.
  • The Soviet Union had nearly 20 years to finalize and develop the Black Russian Terrier standard.
  • The Black Russian Terriers were created by the Red Star Kennel to serve solely for military use. They didn’t get their head-like hound shape until after that.

Black Russian Terrier Temperament

The Black Russian is indeed a hard working dog breed. There’s no doubt about it. They recognize that they’re extremely competent in various tasks and are willing to do anything to accomplish their goals.

They make excellent guard dogs due to their inherent instinct to defend and protect. Indeed, many Black Russians still serve as guard dogs in their own country. In addition, I don’t know anyone who would want to mess around the 100-pound dog!

Black Russians are gentle and affectionate dogs at home when they’re not out on the field. They enjoy being with family and are particularly good with children. However, it is important to remember that it is important that you will be required to give these dogs the physical demands they need.

5. Caucasian Shepherd

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Highlights: Courageous, Spirited, Friendly

Caucasian Shepherd is a mastiff-type Russian dog that originates from the southernmost point of Russia in the Caucasus Mountains. They’re also called the Caucasian Ovcharka, with many people believing that they’re native to the Caucasus region and other countries in the vicinity. Thus, the name.

They are massive, with upwards of one hundred and seventy pounds and thirty inches tall. It is not surprising that they were created to be courageous guardians. Also, with their large frame and muscled body, it would be a shame they were not bred to defend livestock and farms in the mountains region.

For long periods, Caucasian Shepherds have been farmers’ best friends in the area. They could do all kinds of things, from guarding livestock to performing other tasks. But they’re different in their house compared to in the field. They can tell when to turn their intensity up or down.

Caucasian Shepherd Temperament

Caucasian Shepherds possess all the qualities of a superb protector dog. They’re brave, bold, fierce, and extremely confident in themselves, exactly as they should. However, when they’re in a warm and loving home, Caucasian Shepherds are completely different dogs.

They’re affectionate, gentle, sweet, and loving toward family members. Yes, that is true for pets and children as well! Like most guard pets, dogs will be wary about strangers and might require a few minutes to get used to them. However, that’s what you can expect from most guard dogs.

In terms of training, these large dogs require a dominating leader to lead the entire pack. Establish dominance at an early stage even though they’re tiny. Make sure you use only positive reinforcement in your training. Socialization is a major advantage for these dogs, just like other dominant breeds.

6. Central Asian Shepherd

Central Asian Shepherd

Highlights: Independent, Confident, Brave

One of the oldest breeds of the Central Asian Shepherd can be traced back over five thousand years in the past

Similar to a Caucasian Shepherd, these Shepherd dogs have guarded local farms and livestock for hundreds of years.

Although they were believed to be originating from Central Asia, Russia (Soviet Union) was recognized as the first to standardize that breed during the 20th century. Following the USSR’s dissolution, a different breed resembling these dog breeds was created, known as the Central Asian Ovcharka.

They differ in coat color, size, and character, yet both breeds are alike in appearance. They were considered the most-loved breed in Russia at one time. Also, at the beginning of the 2000s, Central Asian Shepherds became extremely loved due to their protective instincts.

Central Asian Shepherd Temperament

Since the dogs are guard dogs by nature, the Central Asian Shepherd is naturally secure. They also are very protective of their animals carefully and require socialization and obedience training to ensure they are in control. It is difficult for anything to pass through the Central Asian Shepherd.

Naturally, they cannot be intended for the novice dog owner. They are somewhat primitive; they have been raised over many thousands years of selection by nature. Additionally, their massive size and dominance could be a problem for some owners.

Make sure to establish dominance at an early age with the dogs. If you hold off until they reach their 150-pound size, it will be challenging. They could make excellent family pets with enough socialization and a solid grasp of obedience training.

7. Moscow Watchdog

Moscow Watchdog

Highlights: Gentle, Protective, Confident

Moscow Watchdog Moscow Watchdog is like the Russian cousin of Saint Bernard. They are an amalgamation that is a cross between their cousins, Saint Bernard and Caucasian Shepherd. The massive dogs were created during the Soviet Union and can weigh up to 150 pounds.

However, unlike Saint Bernard, Moscow Watchdogs are active dogs that require lots of physical exertion. They were developed to be active dogs during World War II when Russia required assistance in tackling domestic criminality. They were placed for guard dog duties around warehouses of the government railways, labor camps, and railroads.

While they were considered uncommon in Russia, they have gained popularity slowly within Europe. The Moscow Watchdog is not the easiest Russian dog to locate. In addition, they’ve been able to get into the United States, though not widely known.

Moscow Watchdog Temperament

Saint Bernard. Moscow Watchdog Moscow Watchdog has a personality similar to Saint Bernard. Also, they’re large affectionate dogs with great tolerance and patience. They’ll be able to get along with other dogs and humans, but only after they’ve been properly educated. But, to make this occur, they require socialization from the beginning.

Like most guards and watchdogs like them, the Moscow Watchdog has strong protective instincts. They are great for parents who require an extra eye on their children. When the circumstances call for it, for instance, the family members being threatened, they’ll be there. Moscow Watchdog will have your back.

To have a great pet for your family, you’ll need to establish this enormous canine’s rule of law early on. It’s hard to emphasize how crucial this is, like with all large dogs that could easily cause injury to humans. They’re also not recommended for all first-time owners.

8. East European Shepherd

East European Shepherd

Highlights: Courageous, Athletic, Smart

The Soviet Union developed the East European Shepherd in the 1930s to aid in police work and guard dog tasks. They’re basically what’s known as the Russian model of the German Shepherd – and it’s simple to understand the reason. In reality, they were designed on that like a German Shepherd.

So, why didn’t they bring German Shepherds to Russia? Because they were exposed to harsh winter weather in Russia, the Russians needed to breed a tough Police dog that could stand up to the frigid temperatures. These dogs possess many of the same characteristics as those of the German Shepherd: determination, loyalty, and character.

But, they’re a little larger, weighing at least 100 pounds and standing at 30 inches tall. In Russia and other states that were part of the Soviet Union, the dogs are extremely well-loved. However, in Western countries, there isn’t as much. However, they are beasts that are comparable to the GSD.

East European Shepherd Temperament

TheThe East Europeans are hard-working dogs, as is their German Shepherd cousin. They’re generally balanced in their temperament and can score high in every aspect related to a dog’s intellect. But just because they can work doesn’t mean that they cannot be wonderful pets for families.

By nature, confident, East European Shepherds are fearless. Because they were designed to be used in police and guard tasks, they had to be strong and confident in the assigned task. This is why they make excellent guard dogs for homes.

Like all working dogs, the East European Shepherd needs plenty of exercises. Additionally, their mental stimulation is essential because of their high IQ. Their obedience and work intelligence is awe-inspiring. They’re fast and obedient.

9. East Siberian Laika

East Siberian Laika

Highlights:Protective, Energetic, Loyal, 

The East Siberian Laika dog, is a spitz-type Russian canine from the east region of the Yenisei River in Siberia. While they were originally developed for hunting, they’ve grown into extremely versatile dogs that can be used for activities. Some even are specialized in herding or pulling sleds!

Even after being domesticated for so many years, the East Siberian Laika still retain the wolf-like traits that they acquired from their ancestral ancestors despite all the domestication. Some historians believe that they evolved in the past, influenced by Chinese and Japanese breeds.

The breed standard for this dog and other Laikas was created in 1947. But they have not yet been officially recognized by any major club for kennels. In the western portion of the globe, the dog-loving population prefers their brethren, that is, the Siberian Husky.

East Siberian Laika Temperament

The East Siberian Laika can be a tough hunter in the field. However, it’s very affectionate and loving dogs off the field. They’re not likely to display excessive aggression towards humans; however, it’s not a good idea to test their boundaries. 

They’re certainly not a slouch, also.

They are cautious and watchful within their homes. These characteristics make them excellent guard dogs or watchdogs for the entire family. With their sharp senses, it’s difficult to imagine a thief being able to sneak past the dogs and not being caught.

East Siberian Laikas have an obsession with the hunt, and it is evident. They should not be trusted with small animals within the house! Additionally, they must be active. Relaxing at home with their family isn’t the only thing they do. Only with a fulfilling job or role can you guarantee their happiness.

10. Franzuskaya Bolonka

Franzuskaya Bolonka

Highlights: Lively, Cheerful, Sociable

It is known that two types belong to Bolonka. There are two types of the Russian Bolonka breed. One of them can be described as the Franszuskaya Bolonka – a white-coated lap dog with a lot of energy and joy. The name of the dog is misleading. While the term ” Franszuskaya” means french, the dogs are, in fact, of Russian origin.

However, the name isn’t entirely random. The origins of these dogs were an inspiration by the most popular French breeds like those the Toy Poodle and the Bichon Frise. They’re an adaptation from the Italian lapdog breed, known as the Bolognese.

In actual, “bolonka” refers to “bolognese” in Russian. This means that the Russians used the Italian dog to create their versions of French dog toys. It worked because they’re adorable lap dogs that are similar to any of the world’s most popular lap dogs.

Franzuskaya Bolonka Temperament

You’d be surprised that these dogs are more intelligent than they appear. They also possess a beautiful, well-balanced temperament compatible with any kind of person. But with those they love the most, Bolonkas, these toys, Bolonkas will stay to their side and show them affection.

While small in size, they’re not shy at all. Usually, they’re happy and curious. These Bolonkas are a joy to play with and entertain their guests to get their focus. They like being the focal point of the spotlight. As a result, there’s no dull moment when you have one.

Due to nature-based instincts, They can turn into fantastic watchdogs. They’ll notify you of any dangers, but they’ll be terrible guard dogs. Franzuskaya Bolonkas detect the majority of people as potential friends. They don’t need long to get to know someone new.

11. Moscow Water Dog

Moscow water dog

Highlights: Brave, Confident, Independent

Also known as Russian Newfoundland, the Moscow Water Dog was another dog developed during the Soviet Union in the 1950s. While they were originally meant to be Navy dogs to accompany sailors, Moscow Water Dogs weren’t the best choice because of their aggressive nature.

It’s funny that instead of saving them, they would attack sailors. It was evident that this was a major issue. Since there was no demand for these dogs anymore, the breeding stopped in the early years. Today, a breed that is purebred Moscow Water Dogs are practically disappearing.

But, the function that this Moscow Water Dog did not waste. They served a function in the creation of the Black Russian Terrier. It was used to breed one of Russia’s most popular “army dog breeds.” Together with thirteen other breeds, it was the Moscow Water-Dog.

Moscow Water Dog Temperament

Although they’re known as”the” Russian Newfoundland, this Water Dog’s behavior is very different. While Newfoundland’s relative is calm and gentle, the water dogs are vicious. The aggression of the dog caused their demise and eventual extinction.

However, they were exceptionally skilled swimmers like all waterdogs ought to be. But the Moscow Water Dog was an extraordinary swimmer. Even in harsh seas and freezing temperatures, the dogs performed admirably in their job (sometimes).

They were brave and confident; that’s what the Russian army was hoping for. It’s a shame that they were not bred with a more gentle temperament out on the field. If you find an adolescent of the breed, they’ll require plenty of socialization.

12. Russian Hound

Russian Hound

Highlights: Obedient, Loyal, Energetic

It is believed that the Russian Hound is another well-known scent dog that was created in Russia. But, they were made at a much earlier time than Harlequin Hound (sometime around the late 18th century). That’s the reason this particular breed was given a simple name.

They are specially trained dogs for the hunting task and frequently work together with Russian Borzois to accomplish the task. The Russian Hounds will flush the game towards the areas where hunters and Borzois are ready to chase them out in the open.

Russian Hounds are medium(70) to large() dogs weighing anywhere from 70 pounds and reaching as high as 27 inches. With their long and slender coat, they are well-equipped for the harsh hunting terrains of Russia and its surrounding regions.

Russian Hound Temperament

Russian Hounds are active and energetic dogs that enjoy working. They can spend the whole day hunting with their owners, should they be allowed to. We think that humans would become exhausted from hunting in front of the canines (typical of the many hound dog breeds).

They’re relatively easy to train since they are keen to delight and loyal dogs. So long as the owner is in charge, they’ll do their best to make a statement. When it comes to home, they’re just as faithful as they are in the field. Any time you have a need, they’ll support you and will follow.

A Russian Hound is very well around other dogs and humans. As they tend to hunt together and with others, they can be very friendly when they are with dogs of other breeds. 

However, for small dogs, their strong prey instincts could be evident. It is important to introduce socialization in the early years.

13. Russian Harlequin Hound

Russian Harlequin Hound

Highlights: Active, Good-natured, Sociable

It is believed that the Russian Harlequin Hound, also called the Anglo-Russian, is one of the two most well-known smell hounds that originate from Russia. However, they’re one of the extremely rare dog breeds and are extremely difficult to locate outside of their homeland.

Despite being a relatively rare breed, they’re being used as hunting companions in Russia. They were bred by crossing the Russian Hound with the English Foxhound. This has resulted in them being exceptionally adept at pursuing “red animals,” namely, both wolves and foxes..

Russian Harlequins are famous for their square shape with a distinctive three-colored coat (patches over white coats). They, in many respects, look like Beagles, which are smaller tri-color beagles. A lot of people still struggle with distinguishing between the two breeds.

Russian Harlequin Temperament

Although these canines are very friendly and social with many people, they may also possess an intense desire to hunt. Most hunting dogs, particularly breeds bred to pursue “red game,” are prone to these urges. They do require plenty of socialization at an early age if they live with cats or other smaller pets.

As you might have guessed, the Russian Harlequins can be very loving breeds and will be close to you at home. In the house, they simply enjoy spending time with their family members and would prefer to be involved in family activities! On their own, they are awestruck to hunt.

They’re extremely active and energetic canines and require a significant amount of physical activity each day. Also, depending on the dog you have, most Russian Harlequins might not be appropriate for apartments. They not only need to move (an awful lot), but the majority of them are extremely vocal canines.

14. South Russian Ovcharka

South Russian Ovcharka

Highlights: Strong, Lively, Confident

It is believed that the South Russian Ovcharka, or Russian Sheepdog for short, was created during the time of Ukraine (when Ukraine was an integral part of the Soviet Union). It’s, therefore, not uncommon to hear fans refer to them as”the” Ukrainian Shepherd dog.

These are highly flexible dogs that are capable of being able to live in a large temperature range. They are mostly found in the vast grasslands in the region between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. They are used predominantly for herding. However, they also serve as guard dogs or multi-purpose dogs.

With a robust body and a long coat, They’re among the most versatile dogs from Russia. However, these breeds are extremely difficult to locate. It’s difficult to find any, even in their native regions in Russia or Ukraine.

Russian Sheepdog Temperament

The dogs require a lot of management. Their intuitions might be a bit intimidating. If you plan to take one home, you’ll have to establish the authority by establishing a firm and consistent training. But, these dogs shouldn’t be used by the beginner trainer or the first-time owner.

They are ideally suited to serve as herding dogs since they were designed to do. But, you’ll have to demonstrate a strong control over what you consider to be the “ownership” of your animals. Otherwise, your Russian Sheepdog may become the animal’s owner with others.

The sheepdogs are armed with strong protective instincts that need to be kept under control. While they can be strong guardians of the family, they are also prone to being hostile when encountering strangers. Naturally, early socialization is more vital for this breed than for another Russian breed.

15. Russian Toy Terrier

Russian Toy Terrier

Highlights: Intelligent, Devoted, Delightful

Elegant and small, the Russian Toy was intended to be a perfect Russian lapdog

For looks, Russian Toys are one of the dog breeds with the smallest size. They were developed within Russia by their parent breed, the English Toy Terrier. With a height of just under 28 cm, They’re nearly as tiny as the Chihuahua.

It’s important to note that the breed has two coat types for these breeds: smooth and long-coated. Although they were distinct breeds, both breeds were merged into one in 1988.

Russian Toys were first developed to be companions, specifically for the Russian elite and the aristocrats. But the breed has advanced quite a ways from their “royal” times. They’ve even become wonderful companion dogs loved by various families around the globe today.

Russian Toy Temperament

There’s nothing that the Russian Toy enjoys more than sitting in your lap. That’s what they were created to do. Their gentle dogs are fun and love to play. They’re happy playing with their favorite toys or playing hide-n’-seek, and they’re content whenever their owner is present.

Human interaction is perhaps the main factor with these toys. They need it to be successful and stay happy. In certain situations, they’ll notify you that they need your attention. In addition, they’ll be by your side when you’re down.

The bond between humans and dogs is something very special. They’ll be irreparable. In contrast to lap dogs, they don’t wave their tails at anyone. This makes them good watchdogs, despite their size. However, they could be shy or timid when it comes to strangers.

16. Russian Spaniel

Russian Spaniel
Russian Dog Breeds

Highlights: Carefree, Cheerful, Energetic

The Russian Spaniel was first developed in 1951 by crossbreeding between different spaniel breeds like those of the English Cocker and Springer Spaniels. Although they look pretty similar to those of the Cocker Spaniel, they have a longer body and a more dense coat.

The coat color of the Russian Spaniel tends to vary (with spots and freckles). However, they always got the characteristic Spanish feathers on their legs and ears. The long ears of spaniels are an additional physical feature that could cause them to be confused with other spaniels.

Russian Spaniels may be relatively small breeds; however, they’re superb hunter and firearm dogs. Do not let the size and their friendly appearance fool you; they’re the most lovable dogs. They’re equipped with the full gun dog set-up – sharp perception of scent, exceptional endurance, determination, and a strong drive to find.

Russian Spaniel Temperament

The Russian Spaniel can be lively, bold, and energetic like the British Spaniel. They’re wonderful companions with a work ethic in the field, yet they also have a relaxed attitude when they’re at home. But, Russian Spaniels are fan favorites because of their adaptability.

As loyal as they get, Russian Spaniels are dedicated to their task. That’s why they’re excellent watchdogs and gun dogs. However, without an assignment or task, the Russian Spaniel might develop depression and become unpredictable in the house.

Russian Spaniels thrive around kids. As descendants of intelligent spaniels, they’re equally smart and eager to learn. Furthermore, they are incredibly obedient and trainable. They are not only fantastic playmates. However, they can also be a second pair of eyes.

17. Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

Highlights: Charming, Curious, Lively

It is believed that the Russian Bolonka, also known as Tsvetnaya Bolonka, is quite similar to Franzuskaya Bolonka. The only difference is that the former is offered with a black coat

However, this does not stop dog owners from mistaking the two because of their similar temperaments, physical traits, and temperaments.

Breed to become the most coveted Russian pet for the apartment, The Bolonka is an uncommon breed bred from the most well-known toy dogs. The Tsvetnaya Bolonkas were developed using the Bichon Frise, Pekingese, Shih Tzu, and Bolognese.

But they’re the closest to Bolognese. The two breeds are so alike that the name they use, Bolonka, actually means “Bolognese” in various Slavic languages. The greatest thing about them is that the dogs are Hypoallergenic dog breeds. This means that these toys are ideal for pet owners sensitive to allergens.

Tsvetnaya Bolonka Temperament

Friendly and outgoing The Tsvetnaya Bolonka dog is an excellent lap dog who can get well with almost everyone. The Bolonka is a lover of people, and they love them too. As you might have imagined, they’re quick to establish friendships and easy to be in love with.

They’re not like normal small dogs. They, for instance, do not bark as loudly as a Chihuahua. 

This makes them ideal for families with smaller children. However, on the other hand, the Tsvetnaya Bolonkas are alert and alert, which makes them perfect watchdogs.

Bolonkas are extremely social. While they’re pets, however, they are self-sufficient. For them to get along with everyone, they need plenty of interaction. Bolonkas are as smart as any dog breed. They’re easily trained and are a great candidate for obedience training, especially if positive reinforcement is employed.

18. Russo European Laika

Russo European Laika

Highlights: Lively, Alert, Territorial

Russo European Laikas are one of the breeds of dogs created by Russian Landrace breeds. These spitz-type dogs were developed around 1940 to help a program that aimed to create the best-hunting dogs. These Russo Europeans are some of the most effective breeds for hunting ducks.

However, unlike the other dogs that hunt, these are highly vocal, which aids in communicating during hunting. They are usually educated to make use of their voice to alert humans to the position of the prey. The voice isn’t as loud as a bark, but it is more similar to an ooh.

They are currently recognized in The FCI. Additionally, they haven’t been recognized by any major Kennel groups apart from the United Kennel Club. However, they are gaining popularity. Russo European Laikas seem to be rising in Russia and other countries.

Russo European Laika Temperament

This enthusiastic hunting dog enjoys nothing more than being outside in the wild. This is one reason they excel as avid duck hunters. Russo Europeans were bred to be outdoors, so being kept in a small or enclosed space is unsuitable for an active dog.

They’re affectionate dogs. Once you’ve built an emotional bond with them, they’ll never wander off. Additionally, they’re great with children because of their ability to be patient. However, since they’re vocal when they’re on the field, be sure that they’ll tell you whether they’re sad or happy by their many vocals.

Russo Europeans can be slightly territorial and great guard dogs, too. If they encounter other dogs, they can be aggressive. Dogs are incredibly active and thrive when motivated by an underlying sense of direction. If it’s hunting, security, or just companionship, they must have an important function within the family.

18. Yakutian Laika

Russian Dog Breeds

Highlights: Loving, Lively, Smart

The Yakutian Laika is a Russian dog breed that originates from the northernmost region of Russia. They’re specifically from the region that borders the Arctic and is known as “the Sakha Republic. In this cold and icy region of Russia, they were employed by the Yakutians in various tasks.

They do not just pull sleighs, but they also help reindeer herders in the process and pursue wild animals. They do it all! However, a large part of the reason they can accomplish everything is due to their many talents. 

Yakutian Laikas are renowned for their keen nose, exceptional hearing, stamina, and sharp vision.

All of them are characteristics of a top hunting dog. However, despite these qualities, not all dogs are best suited for hunting in this freezing area due to the dense double coat that allows them to endure the toughest winter conditions. They’ve been known to perform all day long with ease.

Yakutian Laika Temperament

Yakutian Laikas are some of the most loyal companion dogs in those Russian breeds. They expect the respect of their owners, but they give it back in the form of respect in return. When the dog and human are in harmony, Yakutians will stick by you regardless of what.

They’re lively dogs and are required to be able to work for long hours throughout the day. This means that a significant amount of physical and mental stimulation is essential for a Yakutian every day. It’s recommended that they are kept inside an enclosed area where they can freely run around in the open.

In an at-home environment, these dogs are soft and calm. They can be a good companion for dogs and children when provided with the right socialization training. 

The earlier you begin training, the more successful you will be. They’re also very obedient and simple to teach due to their innate desire to please.

20. West Siberian Laika

West Siberian Laika
Russian Dog Breeds

Highlights: Loyal, Affectionate, Vigilant

There is a West Siberian Laika, another breed of Spitz bred from Russia’s individual Laika dogs. 

Although their background isn’t entirely clear, we know they came into existence as hunting companions of those of the Ural people living in West Siberia

As with other Laika varieties, they are also hunting dogs. West Siberian is also a skilled hunter.

Laikas are not the only ones. They may be among the most adaptable out of the bunch. They are incredibly versatile. Laika hunters excel in hunting raccoons and squirrels, but they hunt moose, bears, and boars. All Laikas can be described as loud dogs that use their barks to aid hunters track down their game. West Siberian Laika is no one of them.

However, they are somewhat primitive, keeping their instincts to hunt, making them great hunting dogs. With this in mind, they are West Siberian Laikas who can maintain their appearance and behavior from their predecessors, the Siberian wolves.

West Siberian Laika Temperament

Love and affectionate The West Siberian Laika is entirely dedicated to the owner and his family. Apart from being adept hunter dogs, they make excellent guard dogs since they’re vigilant and secure. They’re shrewd but non-aggressive with strangers.

West Siberian Laikas will likely exhibit aggressive behavior when around dogs unfamiliar to them, particularly those of the same gender. 

Their strong prey instincts render them incompatible with households with pets that are small, like cats. But, if they are socialized enough, cats from the family can be accepted.

They’ll eventually be able to accept the other animals as part of the family when they’re properly trained, patient, and the sameness. However, they’ll also learn that the West Siberian is an extremely loyal dog. Because of their unwavering loyalty, they’ll do anything to please their owners, even if it involves obedience training.

21. Taigan

Highlights: Patient, Affectionate

It is believed that the Taigan dog, also called The Kyrgyzdyn Taghany, is an exceptionally rare sighthound created in Kyrgyzstan when it was an integral part of the Soviet Union. Many people refer to these dogs as”the” Russian Greyhound due to their striking appearance.

Both Russian Taigan and the Greyhound are medium-sized and have medium-length coats with some curls

In addition, the shape is quite similar. But the major distinction is that Taigans were bred to hunt within the most remote areas within the Tian Shan mountain range.

Taigans can track down foxes, deer, marmots, and even wolves. It isn’t clear the roots of these dogs; however, scientists speculate that they’re related to SalukiAfghan HoundSloughi, and other popular and well-trained sighthound breeds.

Taigan Temperament

The Russian canines are kind and patient in their homes For the most part. In hunting, however, they’re an entirely different breed. However, they don’t do well with rough playing. Therefore, ensure that the children are old enough to understand and respect these dogs.

As with other sighthounds, Taigan is a sighthound like other breeds. They’re pack dogs and like the company of other dogs within their family. However, their powerful predatory instincts could kick in if you have an animal (or any other small animal) around. Taigan is perfectly content with other well-known dogs.

For you to achieve a calm and balanced Taigan, socialization is an absolute requirement. Taigans were created to hunt; therefore, it’s not surprising that certain instincts will remain even after domestication. If trained properly, they’re among the top Russian breeds you can have at home.

22. Karelo Finnish Laika (Finnish Spitz)

Karelo Finnish Laika
Russian Dog Breeds

Highlights: Sweet, Loving, Lively

While it’s known as the “Finnish” Spitz, the actual origins of the dog breed come originated in Russia, according to many historians. It is believed that the first immigrants of central Russia came to Finland many thousands of years ago, bringing their Spitz dogs. These dogs could be the current Finnish Spitz.

Another well-known name for this dog is Karelo Finnish Laika since they likely originated in the Karelia region of Russia to hunt. Like the other Laika breeds, the breed has the same spitz appearance with a thick and thick fur and a light red shade in the coat.

They are adept hunters as well. They were mostly utilized for hunting capercaillie and Black Goose in the past. They were trained to hunt more powerful and larger bears or elk in some instances. Whatever the task required, these guys were prepared for the task.

Karlo Finnish Laika Temperament

It is said that the Finnish Laikas are well-known for their dedication to their homes. They are not only affectionate and loyal and loyal, but they’ll also tend to remain distant from strangers and protect their beloved family members. If you have a Finnish Laika often is a nuisance to strangers, I wouldn’t be too surprised.

Despite their aversion to foreigners, The Finnish Laika is a very sensible dog. They require plenty of praise and affection to ensure they are happy pets. If they are physically punished, they could be irritated. This is why we recommend that you only employ positive reinforcement when you have this dog.

Being natural hunters, you can expect that dogs will have to be the kind of dogs that are territorial. Any animal that scurries through your backyard could make this dog fly away when he chases off the invader. However, don’t let this stop you. These are great for all kinds of individuals, especially kids.

23. Hortaya Borzaya

Hortaya Borzaya
Russian Dog Breeds

Highlights: Elegant, Active, Sweet

It is believed that the Hortaya Borzaya is an uncommon sighthound that was developed within Ukraine in Ukraine and Russia. They have a variety of names, including they are known as the Chorten, The Russian Greyhound, Eastern Greyhound, and many more. What’s the reason for the Greyhound and Greyhound-like comparisons? Just take a glance at his model, and you’ll be able to see the reason.

The Greyhound’s similarity to the Hortaya Borzaya is apparent. However, the sighthounds are slightly bigger with a larger frame. Some also sport the short, feathered hair. Some believe they are the cross between a Borzoi and a Greyhound.

The dogs are rarely seen in big cities. Because they’re big dogs and require a lot of running and space, you’ll likely see them on big farms and in the rural regions of the countryside. They’ll require large spaces to move around because they’re energetic canines.

Hortaya Borzaya Temperament

Let’s be clear: Hortaya Borzayas are not the easiest dogs to keep. They are, in fact, not easy dogs to raise. Wouldn’t suggest them to anyone new to trainers or owners. If you’re very busy, this breed isn’t suitable for you. They’re excessively active and massive. Without care, they could be destructive.

There are some positives. The Hortaya is an extremely gentle and amiable dog. While they may appear wild and “out of control” at times, these sighthounds are known to be tranquil and quiet at home. The most appealing aspect of? They’ll be able to live happily with other dogs because of their pack canines.

If you can meet their physical requirements, the robust dogs will easily fit in any home. They’ll mesh right into the family from the beginning. They’re also renowned for the gentle bites that hunters especially appreciate because they don’t harm the fur of the hunted prey. Kids’ parents might appreciate the same.

24. Shalaika

Russian Dog Breeds

Highlights: Agile, Trainable, Active

Also known as the Sulimov Dog, the Shalaika is the first and only hybrid dog and jackal that originates from Russia. They are a cross between two Siberian Huskies and two golden Jackals for more specific information. 

What is the reason they created this breed? 

To be the ultimate security dog.

Shalaikas were developed by Klim Sulimov (hence the name) to support Aeroflot Airlines at Sheremetyevo Airport. The idea was to create extremely versatile dogs that could serve as sniffer dogs and police dogs for airports. Currently, around 25 Sulimov canines (give. or take) are located at Moscow airport.

Naturally, these dogs are extremely uncommon because they were not designed for mass production. They are taught from the time of the age of puppyhood to detect and identify 12 elements that are associated with explosives. There are fewer than 50 dogs in this breed.

Shalaika (Sulimov Dog) Temperament

Because these dogs aren’t in families-friendly environments and aren’t a part of a family, there’s not much information about how they can fit into the family. From the experiences of their handlers, we know that Shalaika is an extremely willing to please dog who is very capable of being trained and incredibly intelligent.

They possess an amazing perception of the smell and a nose, suggesting that they can easily be distracted by odors of all kinds (similar to the Beagle) all the time throughout the air. If they are not properly trained, the Shalaika might be a “dumb” animal, but it’s just because their curiosity can get the best of them.

There’s evidence that suggests that they’re extremely energetic dogs. Additionally, their jackal sides allow them to stand up to temperatures as high as 40 degrees Celsius, even -70 degrees C. If they are released for sale one day, this tough breed could be great hunters.

25. Volkosob

Russian Dog Breeds

Highlights: Fierce, Brave, Confident

A Russian hybrid dog and jackal are pretty cool. Have you heard of the Russian hybrid dog-wolf? Also known as the Volkosob, the dog was designed to defend the boundaries in Russia. Due to the huge size of Russia, it’s not a simple task for Russia’s soldiers. Therefore, dogs are vital to accomplishing this goal.

Making a wolf-dog combination for assistance isn’t easy to accomplish. More than 200 wolf hybrids have failed due to the intense worry and fear they showed for humans. It wasn’t until researchers discovered Naida, a Caspian Sea Wolf, who appeared extremely social and warm.

In 2000 the Russian Prem Institute of Internal Troops created the ideal wolf-wolf hybrid for their military. They not only protected the borders of their country and borders, but they also were well-trained for a range of jobs. Initially, Volkosobs scoured for explosives, contraband, and other illicit substances.

Volkosob Temperament

As with the Shalaika, the Volkosob also has a lot of details about Volkosob. Volkosob lives in a familial environment. In the end, they were born to work for the military and not to be a companion. However, there’s plenty to appreciate in the Volkosob.

Although they have the physical strength of wolves, the Volkosob’s character is more like a common pet guard. It is extremely obedient, clever, and easily trainable. They are quite social and are a lot of fun with their handlers and the people they know.

It’s also expected that they’ll have certain instincts from the Wolf. Particularly, their keen senses, inborn aggression, and the need to be cautious around strangers are not ideal for families with children. Volkosobs are likely to require lots of physical and mental stimulation, too.

So let us know in the comments section which was your favorite Russian dog breed and why? Do you own one of these Russian dogs? Leave some tips for potential owners!

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