21 Indian Dog Breeds: The gorgeous nation of India is known for its many distinctive things, like Bollywood, The Taj Mahal, butter chicken, delicious Indian curry, and much more. Did you know that India is the home of many of the most intriguing and fascinating Indian dogs?
As the second-largest nation, it’s no wonder that India can be awash with interesting dog breeds, both native and exotic. In reality, the Asian country is believed to be home to more than 30 million stray dogs! In addition, the vast and distinct regions offer us an ideal breeding ground for exotic breeds to grow.
And unlike breeds of smaller nations, Indian dogs seem to differ in appearance, personalities, and unique traits. That said, here are the 21 most beautiful dog breeds from India that you’ve likely never seen before but should look into.
Indian Dog Breeds
Most indigenous breeds of dogs in India are rapidly heading towards extinction due to the recent increase in the demand for Western dog breeds. This has resulted in the breeding of foreign dogs and under-breeding among Indian breeds of dogs.
While organizations and individuals in India are working hard to bring back the nearly extinct indigenous dogs, they are still considered rare breeds. Many Indian breeds are hard to locate, no matter where you live in India.
All Indian dog breeds, including dogs like the Indian Spitz, Gaddi Kutta, Bully Kutta, Mudhol Hound, Indian Pariah, Kaikadi, Taji, Rajapalayam, Pandikona, Jonangi, Bakharwal, Tangkhul, Kombai, Rampur Greyhound, Chippiparai, Vikhan Sheepdog, Mahratta, Sinhala Hound, Kumaon Mastiff, Gull Dong, and the Gull Terrier.
1. Gull Terrier
highlights: Cautious, Protective, Loyal
Gull Terrier, also called the Gull Terr, is an old terrier breed that was first discovered in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. According to some historians, the ancestors of its breed are those of the bull terriers of Britain and the British Bull Terriers, as evidenced by their strikingly similar physical characteristics.
The history of the Gull Terrier can be traced all the way to the British Raj era in India. After the arrival of the British, a group of dogs from outside were introduced into the country, among them the Bull Terrier. It’s no surprise that the Bull Terrier skyrocketed in popularity.
In the beginning, bull Terriers were crossed with indigenous breeds of landrace, resulting in Gull Terriers that we have today. But the development of the Gull Terrier didn’t stop there. They were also bred with other breeds native to produce even more distinctive Indian dogs.
- Gull Terriers were initially used to bait bulls and dogs for dog fights. Both are blood sports invented by the British.
- The ferocity and aggression of Gull Terrier have led them to be banned from many regions of Europe as well as those in the United States.
- It is believed to be an old Indian dog. Its Gull Terrier origins can be traced back hundreds of years in India.
Gull Terrier Temperament
Gull Terriers were a popular breed. Their ferocious nature and prey determination made them excellent at protecting owners and their homes, even though they require significant social interaction. Gull Terrier was primarily used as an animal guard. Because of this, they were frequently unfriendly to strangers. However, they were cautious in the wild.
At the family Gull Terriers’ home, Gull Terriers are very loyal in the home. Although they may not be trusted around children, they’ll devote their time to the children of the group if they feel threatened. In reality, it’s claimed that they’re willing to sacrifice their lives to safeguard their family.
2. Gull Dong
Highlights: Loyal, Powerful, Strong-willed
Gull Dong Gull Dong is a rare breed of dog that is thought to originate from India, although some historians believe they originated from Pakistan. This breed has been known by various names like The Indian Bulldog and the Bully Gull Terr through the years. But, Gull Dong seems to be the one that remains.
They were created by crossing the Gull Terrier with the native Bully Kutta. The bully breed provided them with a certain strength, which resulted in them being attractive fighters at one time, similar to their counterparts, the Bully Kutta. There are instances where they are still involved in illegal dog fights.
Gull Dongs are physically very similar to the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. They share the shorter snout and smaller ears deemed “signature traits” seen in bulldog breeds. Additionally, Gull Dongs usually sport a short in addition to a sleek coat and a smooth coat.
- Gull Dongs were so well-loved throughout New York City that The New York Housing Authority effectively outlawed them.
- The belief is that Gull Dongs are believed to be direct descendants of the Indian Bully Kutta and Gull Terrier.
- Because of their outspoken personality, Gull Dongs have been barred in Gull Dongs and are banned from the Cayman Islands and the islands surrounding them.
Gull Dong Temperament
The Gull Dong isn’t your standard Indian dog. They’re actually not the best choice for households because of their dominating personality. Despite their loyalty, they can be aggressive if they don’t receive the proper education and socialization.
Therefore, new trainers and owners aren’t advised to train these Indian bulldogs. Training is also difficult due to their individual and powerful nature. They require a dominant alpha owner with strong frames for them to co-exist.
3. Kumaon Mastiff
Highlights: Courageous, Proud, Protective
Also called the Cypro Kukor, also known as the Cypro Kukor, the Kumaon Mastiff is a strong molosser type dog originally from Uttarakhand State in India. Strong and sturdy, they’re among India’s most sought-after household guardians. But they’re not an easy breed to locate.
The primary purpose behind Kumaon Mastiff was to protect livestock. Kumaon Mastiff had been to protect livestock and guard it for the hillside residents of Kumaon. As with other Indian dog breeds, the Kumaon Mastiffis are at risk of being lost because of their obedience training and socializing difficulties.
The Mastiffs are characterized by a short, soft coat generally in brindle or a variety of colors of brown. They can be up to the height of 28 inches (at their shoulders) and weigh over 100 pounds. They also have an uncanny resemblance to older and more aggressive Great Danes.
- It’s estimated that just 100 or so of these dogs remain at present.
- There are more of this breed within Italy or Finland, which were introduced at the end of the 19th century.
- Certain researchers believe that they weren’t originally in India’s Kumaon region and ended up moving to the region after moving.
Kumaon Mastiff Temperament
Kumaon Mastiffs are among the finest guard dogs that have come from India. As strong and fierce in their nature and powerful as they are, they are also extremely powerful and fierce. In this way, they’re sought-after as fighters who are extremely difficult to control. They’re considered to be very aggressive dogs, which means that they’ll need an extensive amount of socialization and obedience training.
Kumaon Mastiffs are known to have excellent instincts for protecting. Some even say they’re overprotective, and that’s why they have feared protectors in the past. There isn’t any information available about these dogs in a household context.
4. Sinhala Hound
Highlights: Energetic, Alert, Loyal
The Sinhala Hound is a dog breed that is a descendent of Sri Lanka and several regions in India. The beginnings of the history of the dogs are not clear, and the exact place they originated is being debated. However, many people claim India as their source of origin due to different reasons.
For instance, we recognize that Sinhalas are very similar in appearance to the Indian Pariah Dog. Therefore, scientists believe that Sinhalas might have come from the breed that originated in India, which is a landrace. Of course, there’s no definitive evidence to prove this.
While they might look similar to Indian Pariah Dogs, they actually have different abilities and temperaments. In fact, there is a belief they were used by the Vedda group (a Sri Lankan indigenous group) employed them principally for hunting excursions.
- They were regarded so unique that Sinhala Hounds became popular wedding presents among Vedda people.
- The Vedda people were hunters. In addition, these hunter-gatherers were so significant that they were thought of as equally important as bow and archer.
- There’s a good chance that these dogs came from Indian Pariah Dogs. However, nobody is sure.
Sinhala Hound Temperament
Sinhala Hounds are fierce and fearsome hunts that require plenty of energy to maintain their pace on hunts with their indigenous tribes. They possess the endurance to keep up with hunting hounds similar to them.
However, since the hunting dog breed was prevalent, we believe they were reliable companion breeds with solid work ethics. We aren’t sure that the Vedda people would have bred them for hunting if they hadn’t been.
5. Mahratta Greyhound
Highlights: Courageous, Agile, Loyal
Mahratta Greyhounds are among the rarest Indian breeds of dogs in the world and even within their home country. It’s actually uncommon to find these breeds outside their own state in Maharashtra (western India), in which the majority of them are today.
They’re frequently compared to their smooth-coated Saluki canine. But, Mahratta Greyhounds are slightly smaller, measuring approximately 21,8 inches in height. Like most sighthounds, the Mahrattas are tough with a robust frame and a lean chest.
Although the coat isn’t as long, it’s sufficient to safeguard the dog from all the rough parts of Indian terrain. The legs are thin; nevertheless, they are surprisingly powerful, providing the agility and speed required to hunt game. It is no surprise that they were an amazing hunter.
- Their origins are not known. Many believe they came from Salukis. Some believe they’re the descendants of local Indian sighthounds.
- Today today, the Mahratta Greyhound is not recognized by any of the major kennel clubs.
- These dogs are among the oldest dogs in India. It’s believed that they’re more than five thousand years old.
Mahratta Greyhound Temperament
Mahratta Greyhounds can be described as courageous and
have been bred to hunt. Due to their excellent eyesight and ability to see wild animals from an extremely long distance. In contrast to other sighthounds, which are more adaptable, Mahratta dogs are designed exclusively to hunt.
The breed wasn’t created for the company of other dogs – not even in the slightest. Because of this, there’s not much information available about the temperaments or personality of these dogs in a family environment. But, we know they’re loyal and faithful hunting companions.
6. Vikhan Sheepdog
Highlights: Fearless, Intelligent, Loyal
It is believed that the Vikhan Sheepdog breed is an Indian breed that only a few people have ever known about. The breed originated within the Himachal Pradesh region in northern India. However, despite their roots, Vikhans are located in the bordering regions of Pakistan as well.
Like all sheepdogs, the Vikhan was originally bred to protect livestock like sheepdogs. It’s their fierce and brave character that make them superb leopard hunters. That’s the reason the Vikhans have evolved into highly multi-faceted hunting and working dogs.
Unfortunately, we don’t have many details about these dogs since they are, in actuality, extremely uncommon Indian dogs. It is unclear the extent to which the dogs are from being extinct since very few people have ever heard of them. There are even fewer who are working to save them.
- The Vikhan Sheepdog is renowned for its incredible ability and speed. They can run as quick as a leopard at a full sprint.
- Their name is derived from the language of the past called “Vikh,” which is spoken in the region these dogs came from.
- They’ve been referred to as “Giant Rough Collies” because of their luxurious coats utilized as substitutes for wool in Pakistan.
Vikhan Sheepdog Temperament
The dogs are known for their tough temperaments. That’s why they’ve been great hunting companions. Vikhans enjoy working and can take on long hunting trips due to their remarkable endurance. They’re also quick to learn!
But, they tend to be extremely territorial and, sometimes, possessive. All of these are traits that make them excellent guards and dog watchdogs. It is essential to do lots of socialization and obedience training at the beginning with the dogs. Don’t leave the house with one home just yet.
Highlights: Energetic, Affectionate, Dignified.
A Chippiparai dog is probably the most well-known and popular dog breed that comes from India. It’s the breed that most people envision when they think of an “Indian dog.” However, there are many reasons for this.
The dog was born by the people of Chippiparai (near Madurai district Tamil Nadu) to hunt small game-like rabbits as well as pigs. In some instances, they might even hunt down large game such as deer. Dogs that were once highly praised, their function was suddenly shattered following their ban by the Indian government had banned hunting.
Then their main responsibilities changed towards race dogs. At one time, they were also dogs of the most luxurious class in India. It’s no wonder that the Chippiparai is now considered a symbol of royalty and respectability. They’re, for instance, equivalent to what the Akita Inu represents to the Japanese. INTERESTING FACTS
- It is believed that the Chippiparai is also known as “Maiden’s Beastmaster” because they’re often presented to newlywed brides as their fierce protector and friend.
- Based on the color of their coats, this dog is called “Kanni,” which means “pure,” and describes their dedication and purity of heart.
- They were thought to be highly valuable and could only be owned by the elite class.
They’re extremely simple pets to take care of. Many owners say that they require very little medical attention due to the fact that they’re naturally robust and tough pets. This is, however, not mean that they don’t require their required shots for their puppies in the case of domesticated.
The Chippiparai are excellent hunting and watchdogs since they’re active and filled with energy, particularly when they’re young puppies. They’re great dogs for people who have time to themselves. While they can be with humans, they dislike being alone and require lots of exercise and attention.
8. Rampur Greyhound
Highlights: Devoted, Protective, Loving.
Rampur Hound is one of the rare breeds that come in India’s West Bengal area of India. However, they’re also some of the most well-known breeds to emerge from India. Although they’re rare, they’re located in the northwestern regions of India.
There was a time when these dogs were in high demand, particularly those belonging to India’s royal family. According to historians, they were the dogs of choice for those who were royals from India (or maharajas). But their popularity has suffered a major blow with the introduction of exotic breeds.
Rampurs have played a variety of functions in the past. For instance, they were employed to assist with the control of jackals at one time. When they are in groups, they hunt dangerous large games, including leopards, tigers, panthers, and even Lions. The locals believe that the single Rampur can defeat a jackal with no fear.
- At one time, this breed was the preferred dog among Maharajas, rulers from India.
- The Rampur Greyhound has an astounding 360-degree field of view.
- One Rampur can slay the golden jackal. They were a major problem in villages across India.
Rampurs are loving pets with an unwavering devotion toward their owners. They simply love attention and love companionship. Additionally, they’re looking to delight. However, due to their energy levels, they can be quite a bit of a danger to they can be a bit frightened. Rampur Hound can be a bit scary when playing together.
They’re known for playing rough, particularly with dogs. They are known to chase one another with extreme velocity and strength when playing chicken. For the uninitiated, it might seem alarming. But, if you’ve been around the dogs, you’ll realize this is just the way they play.
Even with rough playing, they usually interact well with children and possess natural protection instincts trained properly. Although Rampurs prefer to be single-person dogs, they can thrive in a home environment as well.
9 . Kombai
Highlights: Intelligent, Brave, Alert.
A Kombai dog is an Indian dog found in the Tamil Nadu region of India. They were bred to hunt for boar deer and bison. They’re also an animal breed that is most similar to the dogs of the terrier breed, which is why they’re often referred to as “Indian Terrier.”
The breed’s history can be traced up to around the year 1522; however, there is evidence to suggest they have been around since around the 9th century. The military used them historically and played a significant part during the Marudhu brothers’ rebellion in the fight against the British.
Fortunately, breeders and kennel associations in India have attempted to repopulate the nation with the loved breed. It’s successful! Kombais remain popular in the regions of South India and are mostly used for hunting dogs or as family pets. INTERESTING FACTS
- The Maravar King in India utilized Kombai breeds for royal guard dogs.
- A group of dogs from Kombai could defeat the lion or bear or die trying.
- Many believe they are derived from different sighthounds that came out of Central Asia.
As with all breeds of terriers, Kombai (Indian Terrier) is a very clever dog breed. They’re considered the top breed of Indian guard dogs because of their fierceness and aloofness towards anyone who is not on their property.
However, they’re a totally different dog breed from their family members. They are as trustworthy as they get. This is probably why they were originally used to protect livestock from the brutal attacks of leopards and tigers.
The Kombai is a shrewd and active dog. Yet they possess a relaxed style which could cause them to appear slow at times. However, they are a great pet for families due to their friendly dispositions. Kombai is a wonderful family dog, even for parents with kids.
10. Tangkhul Hui
Highlights: Free-spirited, Loyal, Alert.
It is believed that the Tangkhul Hui, sometimes referred to as the Awang Huijao, was created to be a hunting dog capable of killing predatory boars and other wild animals in the lush forests of India. They’re located within the Manipur State in the Urkhul district.
The dogs can be described as extremely rare breeds of dogs. However, they are still found in their natural habitat. Historical experts believe that Tangkhul Hui was a descendent of Myanmar dog breeds hundreds of years ago. Yet, Indian mythology says they originated out of Asiatic Black bears.
The strange resemblance in muzzles between the two creatures is likely to be the cause of the resemblance in Indian folklore. While there is no doubt that the Tangkhul Hui can be described as some sort of threatened species, several villages and people in the Urkhul district are working together to save it. Urkhul district has been cooperating to help repopulate this breed. INTERESTING FACTS
- Regarding physical appearance, in terms of physical appearance, the Tangkhul Hui is believed to change a lot because of constant cross-breeding with Western dog breeds.
- The local legend states that the dogs were bred from the black bears native to Asian countries.
- Certain historians believe that they’re “ancient dogs” with an ancestral lineage that spans many hundreds of years. But, records that are not kept properly of these dogs haven’t been able to prove this.
Tangkhul Hui Temperament
It is said that the Tangkhul Hui is a very quick learner with a remarkable level of obedience as well as working intelligence. Furthermore, they’re playful dogs with sociable personalities. They’re dogs that love people and always welcome family and guests when they enter the room.
But it’s not the same for strangers as they are shy and cautious. Tangkhul Huis will be loyal to handlers. This is vital when it comes to dogs that guard. There’s a reason for them to be among India’s most effective dog guards.
11. Bakharwal Dog
Highlights: Courageous, Independent, Alert.
These huge dogs from India are known by many names, including the Kashmir Sheepdog, Kashmir Mastiff, Gujjar Watchdog, and more. We’ll refer to them as Bakharwal Dogs. They’re no joke. They’re big dogs that have great weight and maneuverability.
The Barkharwal is a working dog created by members of the Bakarwal and the Gujjar tribes located in Jammu and Kashmir state. Although their primary function was to protect and guard livestock, they were also flexible dogs that could assist in every kind of village work.
Indian folklore has it that the ancient Barkharwal was a descendant of the cross between the wolf and the Molosser sheepdog. However, the Bakharwal dog is at the edge of extinction.
- Locals believe there is a possibility that Bakharwal’s dogs may have been crossed with wild wolves from India.
- Bakharwal dogs Bakharwal dogs were guardians for tribes that traveled by nomadic throughout the Himalayan region.
- A Bakharwal is able only to have up to 3 puppies per year. This is the main reason they’re close to the end of their existence.
Breeding within the Himalayan region-these, dogs sport an incredibly fluffy coat and are well-adjusted for extremely cold climates. The Bakharwals are known for their loyalty to their families. But, they rarely interact together with their pets, particularly in the absence of being part of the same group.
They’re lively and alert but also independent and stubborn. All of these are typical traits observed in top guard dogs. They are much more effective as guardians in a home with just one dog.
The most harmful thing you could do to you and your Bakharwal is to confine them to the confines of a tiny space. A large yard is suggested to ensure they can freely wander around. In the end, they tend to be extremely active dogs who enjoy intense physical exercises.
Highlights: Spunky, Vigilant, Loyal.
The dog named Jonangi is one of the hypoallergenic breeds of dogs located throughout the Andhra Predesh state in India. In contrast to other Indian breeds, these dogs were developed to help herd ducks for farmers locally and hunt other animals. It’s an interesting mix, isn’t it?
However, the popularity of Jonangi was not to last for long. In the end, the farmers around Kolleru Lake gradually shifted towards hunting ducks in favor of other more lucrative aquatic species. This led to Jonangi, once a popular species, Jonangi was not needed anymore.
They were evicted by farmers and forced to survive by themselves in the wilderness. The unfortunate truth is that the dogs had to master efficient techniques for fishing to survive. In the end, they were a nuisance to local fishermen, leading to the creation of a slaughter spree.
- The Jonangi dog does not bark; it usually yodels instead.
- The dogs are fond of digging holes and usually prefer to sleep in a hole rather than their bed.
- The past was when Jonangi’s specialty was herding ducks and other birds.
Jonangi dogs develop solid connections with their owner. They’re great in the role of a single-dog or one-family pet and do not usually interact with other dogs until they are established early in their socialization. But even then, this could be difficult and require lots of interaction.
They’re swift and agile and can hunt down game once they’ve gotten into their stride by taking long and steady strides. As duck-herding dogs, they’re extremely competent swimmers who enjoy exercise in the pool.
Oddly, Jonangi dog breeds have the peculiar characteristic of digging huge ditches. When they’re not at work, you can expect to see them lying in the hole they’ve just dug. It’s not as if they keep bones in them. It’s more of a method to get rid of the energy that’s been stored.
Highlights: Confident, Loyal, Protective.
Pandikona is a breed of dog. The Pandikona dog is appropriately named for the place it is bred in Pandikona, which is Pandikona close to the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. Pandikonas were developed for hunter dogs which thrived in extreme temperatures in which temperatures could easily climb above 110 degrees!
Most of the time, the animals hunt small animals like boars and hare, and rabbits. However, they’re notorious for killing pest rodents, snakes, and other pests around the village. Because of this, the villages are pleased to have them in their territory.
Because of their intense nature of territoriality, Pandikona are commonly employed as Guard dogs when domesticated. They guard livestock, property and protect whole villages. If you happen to see a Pandikona, they’ll most likely warn you briefly before immediately taking on.
- Groups consisting of Pandikona dogs will create an orderly system of highly intelligent communication.
- A Pandikona dog is considered to be a “primitive dog breed.” That is to say, they developed their traits without assistance from humans.
- The British referred to them as the “Indian Doberman” in India during the 1890s.
The breed of dog is full of the characteristics that make a great hunter. Even as young puppies, the Pandikonas exhibit these characteristics, incredibly confident and courageous with territorial instincts. They are loyal to their families and play well with the family’s children, despite needing interaction with other dogs.
The main concern is their territorial tendencies since they can engage in fights with other dogs and other animals close. Pandikonas will be happier in an area with just one pet. And don’t even consider bringing home cats. Prey drive will begin to kick in.
Highlights: Affectionate, Loyal, Fearless.
Sometimes called the Poligar Hound or the Poligar Hound, the Rajapalayam is an eye hound from the southern part of India. The Chola Dynasty created these Indian breeds to serve as all-purpose work and security dogs.
In the past, Rajapalayam canines were used as companions that were only used by the royals and aristocrats in their respective Rajapalayam towns of Tamil Nadu. Naturally, this breed has become an iconic dog in India, as depicted on postage stamps released through India Post. India Post.
Additionally, Rajapalayams were bred as war dogs during wartime during the Carnatic Wars and Polygar War against the British soldiers. But the Rajapalayam remains in use for the Indian army – usually within the boundaries of Kashmir. INTERESTING FACTS.
- According to local legend, four Rajapalayam dogs once killed a tiger to defend their master.
- Researchers think that the Dalmatian dog breed might descend from the Rajapalayam.
- In the early 2000s, the Indian Post started printing the Rajapalayam dogs on stamps. The goal was to increase the profile of this coveted Indian breed of dog.
Rajapalayam breeds are loved by their owners and very loyal to their owners. They do more effectively as one-owner dogs and, unlike other breeds, do not like being handled or pet by people who aren’t familiar with them.
They’re so annoyed that they often display hostile and aggressive attitudes towards strangers. Beware: do not try to contact someone without knowing them first!
This is why it’s crucial to get the Rajapalayam in the beginning – with humans and other dogs. For cat lovers, Rajapalayams naturally aren’t a good match for felines, and their instinct to hunt may cause them to chase the tiny felines.
15. Taji (Tazi)
Highlights: Playful, Alert, Brave.
The Taji, often referred to as the Tazi, is a dog breed that originated in India. They were bred to become hunter dogs capable of tackling gazelle, fox, and marmot. With only a handful of dogs left, there’s not any information about the Taji.
The closest dog to this breed can be found in one called the Russian Taji (tazi) dog. But the Russian equivalents tend to be larger with longer coats. But, we are aware that they’re almost extinct, and it’s very difficult to locate the genuine Taji everywhere in India.
- It’s very difficult to locate a pure Taji in India. They are believed to disappear within the next few years.
- The majority of Taji dogs can now be seen in Russia, even though they came from India.
- These dogs are expert hunter dogs capable of capturing large animals like antelopes.
According to a handful of well-known owners, Taji dogs are usually extremely active and have lots of energy. There’s nothing they love more than running alongside their owners. Taji dogs are aware and confident, which is why they are so successful in hunting.
Due to their devotion to the family, the Taji is an extremely affectionate dog. Although they have hunting instincts, they’re willing to delight in the event that a close relationship is established. Outside of this minor information, there’s not much available regarding the Taji.
Highlights: Lively, Diligent, Independent.
The Kaikadi dog belongs to the breed of terrier dogs in the group. They’re named in honor of their home tribe, the Kaikadi tribe located in Maharashtra, India. Primarily bred as the herding dog and later utilized for hunter dogs as well. Kaikadi dogs hunt mostly rodents, hares, and foxes.
They’re renowned for their distinctive features, including slim legs and a long tail that taper. The head is thin and long, with ears pointed and long. Due to its shorter locks, this breed needs very little grooming and grooming.
- Despite their appearance, they are thought (by numerous researchers) to be part of The Terrier Group.
- The Kaikadi dogs were nomadic in their lives, often traveling with tribes and observing herds.
- The dogs are usually dressed in black, tan, or black coats. Sometimes, they’ll sport an assortment of different colors.
Kaikadi is considered a dog which means they are energetic and active. Similar to other terriers, the Kaikadi is brave. But, they’re not suitable for urban environments and prefer to be in vast open spaces, such as farms.
They are great companion dogs, but they usually do not get along when playing with dogs of other breeds. It is still possible to keep them sane. However, socialization with the Kaikadi is essential for puppies. If you can compete with a Kaikadi or a koi, they’ll make great dogs.
17. Indian Pariah Dog
Highlights: Vigilant, Sociable, Protective.
It is believed that the Indian Pariah Dog (or Indian Native Dog) is the aboriginal landrace breed from India. In a nation that is home to millions of dogs who wander about, a large percentage are at the very least mixed with the Indian Pariah dog. This makes them the most well-known “breed” from India.
Therefore, this dog comes with various names across India. According to the area, they can be called Pye-dog, Naadan, Theru naai, Neri Kukur, Desi Kutta, etc. This is just a glimpse of how common they are in India.
This dog breed has been recognized by both the Kennel Club of India and the PADS (in the USA). And despite their name, however, the Indian Pariah Dog is found in India and certain areas within Bangladesh. There are even reports of them in other parts of South Asia. They’re simply too huge to overlook.
- Some historians and scholars consider that the Indian Pariah dog was in India before the arrival of humans around 60,000 years ago.
- “Pariah,” as it is known, stems from Tamil “parai,” which means a drum that refers to “hereditary drummer.”
- It is believed that the Indian Pariah Dogs are genetic the ancestors of almost all Indian breeds of dogs.
Indian Pariah Temperament
However absurd it may appear, this dog actually is extremely social. If you place them in a safe home, they’ll enjoy their families and will often be secure of them. This has led to them becoming top-of-the-line watchdogs for many Indian families.
But with strangers, it’s an entirely different scenario. They’re rough canines and will make every effort to defend their group. However, it is crucial to start socializing with your dog early. It is essential for dogs like this. However, if you adopt your dog from a shelter, bringing them up with other dogs will be difficult.
Contrary to what you might think, they’re extremely smart dog breeds and extremely simple to handle. It’s important to note that Indian Pariah Dogs can become bored quickly, particularly when playing routine games like fetch. They’ll require plenty of mental stimulation to stay happy.
18. Mudhol Hound
Highlights: Elegant, Courageous, Loyal.
It is believed that the Mudhol Hound is a sight dog breed that originates from India. They’re also referred to in the form of the Caravan Hound. And, unlike other Indian breeds of dogs, Mudhol Hounds are flourishing in the United States.
Large and medium-sized dogs function as guard dogs or hunting dogs and have been doing this for centuries. In the rural areas of the Deccan Plateau, they’re considered to be a common pet of families! In addition, a few Mudhols are employed as part of the Indian army.
The history of these dogs is unclear, but it is believed they came from the arrival of settlers from Asia. Did I mention that the Mudhol is included on an official Postage Stamp issued by India Post?
- Also known as Caravan Hounds, the Mudhol were named after the British, who would often see them in caravans around Karnataka.
- These dogs were almost extinct during the last century. But the efforts of one man helped them survive in the early 20th century.
- Mudhol Hounds are currently being utilized by the Indian army to monitor border security.
They’re tough dogs capable of working under the most extreme conditions, which could explain their popularity. On their own, they’re seen as stylish and elegant dogs. In addition, they’ll appear brave at work in front of them.
The Mudhol is among the toughest hunting dogs bred in India. They have incredible speed; however, they also have remarkable physical power. Their strength lets them hunt down game across vast areas of terrain.
Mudhol Hounds aren’t the most pleasant dogs. They’re extremely insecure around strangers and are generally not a fan of being approached by them. Despite being accommodating to dogs and children in the family, it’s not the case for other breeds.
Furthermore, Mudhol Hounds are known for their high prey drive. If you don’t get them socialized as pups, they’ll become an issue for smaller animals and cats. However, as long you take care of your Mudhol with respect, kindness, and affection, they’ll show incredible loyalty.
19. Bully Kutta
Highlights: Fearless, Confident, Protective.
“The Bully Kutta is also known as the Indian Mastiff also known as the” Beast of the East.” Originating from the Sindh region between Pakistan and India, the Bully Kutta is not the typical dog that belongs to an affectionate family. They’re referred to as “beasts” for a reason.
They are not only employed for guarding and hunting but, unfortunately, also for fights. In regions like Pakistan and Punjab-India, these dogs are still at risk of being the subject of illicit fighting between dogs. However, with the Bully Kutta reaching well over 100 pounds and being 3 feet tall, it’s not difficult to understand the reason.
This Indian dog breed is extremely loved throughout Punjab and isn’t in danger like many other breeds. The Bully Kutta’s popularity in illegal dogfighting has preserved the breed. But, we’re not sure how long the trend will last.
- Akbar, The great Mughal Emperor, kept Bully Kutta’s for protection and hunting.
- Illegal underground dog fights are a key factor in preventing the Bully Kutta from extinction.
- The name comes by referring to the term “Bholi” (bully), which is “heavily wrinkled” and describes their body or face.
Bully Kutta Temperament
The dogs don’t just have the muscle. They also have brains. However, since they’re very intelligent, it’s no wonder they’re extremely aggressive as well. They’re also popular fighting dogs because of this reason. But they aren’t the best dogs for families and kids.
Despite their reputation for being dangerous dogs, evidence suggests that they’re a great fit in a family. In a study conducted in 2009, Bully Kutta’s scored higher than Beagles on a test of temperament! Reaction and alert, Kuttas are great guard dogs when you can keep them under control.
Due to their dominant personality, Bully Kutta’s must be handled by dog owners with experience or trainers. We don’t suggest them for families with small dogs. There have been cases in which they’ve killed and mutilated other smaller dogs.
20. Gaddi Kutta
Highlights: Intelligent, Devoted, Calm.
It is believed that the Gaddi Kutta is a mountain dog that comes from India’s Northern region in India. It is found in states that border the Himalayas region, including Himachal as well as Pradesh. In this way, they’re called the Gaddi Kutta can be described as a Mastiff which resembles Tibetan Mastiff.
The Gaddi is known under many other names like it is also known as the Indian Panther Hound and the Mahidant Mastiff. Both appear to be in line with the criteria. What makes them unique dogs is the variety of talents used for different tasks. They’re not only focused on protecting and guarding.
You may be surprised, but Gaddi Kuttas have hunted game. They’re basically the multi-purpose mastiffs of the Gaddis tribe from India. Shear the sheep (and goats) and protect livestock from the most deadly and dangerous predators like snow leopards.
- The Gaddi Kuttas are goat and sheep farmers and require little to no instruction and/or training.
- They are known as “Indian Panther Hound” because they can take off a snow leopard.
- It is believed that the Dingo dog breeds ( Australian dog breed) have genetic ancestry with Gaddi; however, we aren’t sure exactly how.
Gaddi Kutta Temperament
Gaddi Kutta’s extremely clever canines have an instinctual desire to protect their territorial boundaries. They tend to be in a fight with strangers who enter the property. They are formidable guards and watchdogs! To create Gaddis Gaddi one, lots of training in obedience is necessary.
However, these large dogs aren’t the easiest for trainers to handle. They are inflexible and self-sufficient dogs. If they don’t see you as the pack leader, they’ll take the title, leading to all sorts of behavior problems (destruction).
However, the fact that they’re peaceful dogs even when they’re at home. Additionally, they display the utmost loyalty and affection if properly trained. However, they can become wonderful family members with successful obedience training and socialization.
21. Indian Spitz
Highlights: Affectionate, Playful, Energetic.
From the Spitz group, The Indian Spitz is akin to that of the Indian sister that is the Pomeranian. Many incorrectly call them Pomeranians. Similar to the Poms and these Indian Spitz are some of India’s most loved dog breeds.
Before India began to import foreign breeds, they imported the Indian Spitz, the most well-known Indian canine breed. They were known as household names during the 1980s through the 90s. However, even though they’re still around, they’ve lost a great deal of affection.
Indian breeders initially wanted to introduce a Spitz breed that could stand up to India’s severe climate and terrain. Therefore, they took these breeds from German Spitz over a long breeding period.
At the end of the day, they received an animal that looked similar to the cross of the breeds of Pomeranian, German Spitz, and Samoyed. For a time, they enjoyed everything glamorous of the mainstream media, making it all up towards Bollywood. INTERESTING FACTS
- It is believed that the Indian Spitz is believed by many to be the smartest Indian dog breed since they are extremely simple to train.
- The dogs gained immense popularity in India due to a strict import ban enforced by the government during the 80s and 1990s.
- There are two variants of Spitz Indian. Indian Spitz: a larger and smaller version.
Indian Spitz Temperament
The Indian Spitz is a versatile dog breed that can adjust to various conditions. You’ll find their content and flourish if they’re located in an urban area or on a huge farming property. This is the reason they were designed.
The Indian Spitz can live off eating various types of food like chicken, milk, rice, yogurt, and many more. Also, it’s easy to raise one, which might be the reason behind their growing popularity.
In general, the Indian Spitz is an active breed of dog with a lot of energy, similar to other spitz-type dogs. Since they’re people-oriented and friendly, they’re great with everyone and enjoy being the center of attention.
The Indian Spitz can be perfect companions for all kinds of owners, whether youngsters or older. While they’re known for their positive temperament, they’ll require appropriate grooming in order to manage the dual coats.
Why Indian Dogs are Going Extinct
If you’re not aware, the majority of dog breeds in India have been eradicated. Additionally, many other breeds are at risk of extinction. It might seem odd in a country with hundreds of millions of dogs. Then, why is it that Indian breeds of dogs are becoming out of fashion?
In the past popularity of Indian dogs has been declining dramatically. The rapid decline of the native Indian canines is because Indian society has never fully accepted domestic breeds. While they have accepted foreign breeds openly.
Over the last few decades, people from India have been enthralled by Western dog breeds due to a variety of reasons. A piece in Quartz entitled ‘ The Indian dogs which are dying because everyone is looking to own a Labrador. This article explains the severity of this issue.
Additionally, the fact they still shun indigenous breeds of dogs isn’t helping. When breeds from outside were introduced in the early 1900s, there was an abundance of cross-breeding. Furthermore, the government was not interested in conserving purebred indigenous breeds.
For more nastiness, Indian rulers who had pets preferring domestic breeds. The sole attempt to preserve them was from British dog owners. While a lot of groups are in India are working to help repopulate the breed, it’s too to be too late for many.